Posts in this category
- Current State of Exceptions in Rakudo and Perl 6
- Meet DBIish, a Perl 6 Database Interface
- doc.perl6.org and p6doc
- Exceptions Grant Report for May 2012
- Exceptions Grant Report -- Final update
- Perl 6 Hackathon in Oslo: Be Prepared!
- Localization for Exception Messages
- News in the Rakudo 2012.05 release
- News in the Rakudo 2012.06 release
- Perl 6 Hackathon in Oslo: Report From The First Day
- Perl 6 Hackathon in Oslo: Report From The Second Day
- Quo Vadis Perl?
- Rakudo Hack: Dynamic Export Lists
- SQLite support for DBIish
- Stop The Rewrites!
- Upcoming Perl 6 Hackathon in Oslo, Norway
- A small regex optimization for NQP and Rakudo
- Pattern Matching and Unpacking
- Rakudo's Abstract Syntax Tree
- The REPL trick
- First day at YAPC::Europe 2013 in Kiev
- YAPC Europe 2013 Day 2
- YAPC Europe 2013 Day 3
- A new Perl 6 community server - call for funding
- New Perl 6 community server now live, accepting signups
- A new Perl 6 community server - update
- All Perl 6 modules in a box
- doc.perl6.org: some stats, future directions
- Profiling Perl 6 code on IRC
- Why is it hard to write a compiler for Perl 6?
- Writing docs helps you take the user's perspective
- Perl 6 Advent Calendar 2016 -- Call for Authors
- Perl 6 By Example: Running Rakudo
- Perl 6 By Example: Formatting a Sudoku Puzzle
- Perl 6 By Example: Testing the Say Function
- Perl 6 By Example: Testing the Timestamp Converter
- Perl 6 By Example: Datetime Conversion for the Command Line
- What is Perl 6?
- Perl 6 By Example, Another Perl 6 Book
- Perl 6 By Example: Silent Cron, a Cron Wrapper
- Perl 6 By Example: Testing Silent Cron
- Perl 6 By Example: Stateful Silent Cron
- Perl 6 By Example: Perl 6 Review
- Perl 6 By Example: Parsing INI files
- Perl 6 By Example: Improved INI Parsing with Grammars
- Perl 6 By Example: Generating Good Parse Errors from a Parser
- Perl 6 By Example: A File and Directory Usage Graph
- Perl 6 By Example: Functional Refactorings for Directory Visualization Code
- A shiny perl6.org site
- Creating an entry point for newcomers
- An offer for software developers: free IRC logging
- Announcing try.rakudo.org, an interactive Perl 6 shell in your browser
- Another perl6.org iteration
- Blackjack and Perl 6
- Why I commit Crud to the Perl 6 Test Suite
- This Week's Contribution to Perl 6 Week 5: Implement Str.trans
- This Week's Contribution to Perl 6
- This Week's Contribution to Perl 6 Week 8: Implement $*ARGFILES for Rakudo
- This Week's Contribution to Perl 6 Week 6: Improve Book markup
- This Week's Contribution to Perl 6 Week 2: Fix up a test
- This Week's Contribution to Perl 6 Week 9: Implement Hash.pick for Rakudo
- This Week's Contribution to Perl 6 Week 11: Improve an error message for Hyper Operators
- This Week's Contribution to Perl 6 - Lottery Intermission
- This Week's Contribution to Perl 6 Week 3: Write supporting code for the MAIN sub
- This Week's Contribution to Perl 6 Week 1: A website for proto
- This Week's Contribution to Perl 6 Week 4: Implement :samecase for .subst
- This Week's Contribution to Perl 6 Week 10: Implement samespace for Rakudo
- This Week's Contribution to Perl 6 Week 7: Implement try.rakudo.org
- What is the "Cool" class in Perl 6?
- Report from the Perl 6 Hackathon in Copenhagen
- Custom operators in Rakudo
- A Perl 6 Date Module
- Defined Behaviour with Undefined Values
- Dissecting the "Starry obfu"
- The case for distributed version control systems
- Perl 6: Failing Softly with Unthrown Exceptions
- Perl 6 Compiler Feature Matrix
- The first Perl 6 module on CPAN
- A Foray into Perl 5 land
- Gabor: Keep going
- First Grant Report: Structured Error Messages
- Second Grant Report: Structured Error Messages
- Third Grant Report: Structured Error Messages
- Fourth Grant Report: Structured Error Messages
- Google Summer of Code Mentor Recap
- How core is core?
- How fast is Rakudo's "nom" branch?
- Building a Huffman Tree With Rakudo
- Immutable Sigils and Context
- Is Perl 6 really Perl?
- Mini-Challenge: Write Your Prisoner's Dilemma Strategy
- Longest Palindrome by Regex
- Perl 6: Lost in Wonderland
- Lots of momentum in the Perl 6 community
- Monetize Perl 6?
- Musings on Rakudo's spectest chart
- My first executable from Perl 6
- My first YAPC - YAPC::EU 2010 in Pisa
- Trying to implement new operators - failed
- Programming Languages Are Not Zero Sum
- Perl 6 notes from February 2011
- Notes from the YAPC::EU 2010 Rakudo hackathon
- Let's build an object
- Perl 6 is optimized for fun
- How to get a parse tree for a Perl 6 Program
- Pascal's Triangle in Perl 6
- Perl 6 in 2009
- Perl 6 in 2010
- Perl 6 in 2011 - A Retrospection
- Perl 6 ticket life cycle
- The Perl Survey and Perl 6
- The Perl 6 Advent Calendar
- Perl 6 Questions on Perlmonks
- Physical modeling with Math::Model and Perl 6
- How to Plot a Segment of a Circle with SVG
- Results from the Prisoner's Dilemma Challenge
- Protected Attributes Make No Sense
- Publicity for Perl 6
- PVC - Perl 6 Vocabulary Coach
- Fixing Rakudo Memory Leaks
- Rakudo architectural overview
- Rakudo Rocks
- Rakudo "star" announced
- My personal "I want a PONIE" wish list for Rakudo Star
- Rakudo's rough edges
- Rats and other pets
- The Real World Strikes Back - or why you shouldn't forbid stuff just because you think it's wrong
- Releasing Rakudo made easy
- Set Phasers to Stun!
- Starry Perl 6 obfu
- Recent Perl 6 Developments August 2008
- The State of Regex Modifiers in Rakudo
- Strings and Buffers
- Subroutines vs. Methods - Differences and Commonalities
- A SVG plotting adventure
- A Syntax Highlighter for Perl 6
- Test Suite Reorganization: How to move tests
- The Happiness of Design Convergence
- Thoughts on masak's Perl 6 Coding Contest
- The Three-Fold Function of the Smart Match Operator
- Perl 6 Tidings from September and October 2008
- Perl 6 Tidings for November 2008
- Perl 6 Tidings from December 2008
- Perl 6 Tidings from January 2009
- Perl 6 Tidings from February 2009
- Perl 6 Tidings from March 2009
- Perl 6 Tidings from April 2009
- Perl 6 Tidings from May 2009
- Perl 6 Tidings from May 2009 (second iteration)
- Perl 6 Tidings from June 2009
- Perl 6 Tidings from August 2009
- Perl 6 Tidings from October 2009
- Timeline for a syntax change in Perl 6
- Visualizing match trees
- Want to write shiny SVG graphics with Perl 6? Port Scruffy!
- We write a Perl 6 book for you
- When we reach 100% we did something wrong
- Where Rakudo Lives Now
- Why Rakudo needs NQP
- Why was the Perl 6 Advent Calendar such a Success?
- What you can write in Perl 6 today
- Why you don't need the Y combinator in Perl 6
- You are good enough!
Sun, 27 Nov 2016
Perl 6 By Example: Running Rakudo
If you're interested, please sign up for the mailing list at the bottom of the article, or here. It will be low volume (less than an email per month, on average).
Before we start exploring Perl 6, you should have an environment where you can run Perl 6 code. So you need to install Rakudo Perl 6, currently the only actively developed Perl 6 compiler. Or even better, install Rakudo Star, which is a distribution that includes Rakudo itself, a few useful modules, and an installer that can help you install more modules.
Below a few options for getting Rakudo Star installed are discussed. Chose whatever works for you.
The examples here use Rakudo Star 2016.10.
You can download installers from http://rakudo.org/downloads/star/ for Mac OS (.dmg) and Windows (.msi). After download, you can launch them, and they walk you through the installation process.
Note that Rakudo is not relocatable, which means you have to install to a fix location that was decided by the creator of the installer. Moving the installation to a different directory.
On Windows, the installer offers you need to add
C:\rakudo\share\perl6\site\bin to your
You should chose that option, as it allows you to call rakudo (and programs
that the module installer installs on your behalf) without specifying full
On platforms that support Docker, you can pull an existing Docker container from the docker hub:
$ docker pull rakudo-star
Then you can get an interactive Rakudo shell with this command:
$ docker run -it rakudo-star perl6
But that won't work for executing scripts, because the container has its own, separate file system. To make scripts available inside the container, you need to tell Docker to make the current directory available to the container:
$ docker run -v $PWD:/perl6 -w /perl6 -it rakudo-star perl6
-v $PWD:/perl6 instructs Docker to mount the current working
$PWD) into the container, where it'll be available as
To make relative paths work,
-w /perl6 instructs Docker to set the working
directory of the rakudo process to
Since this command line starts to get unwieldy, I created an alias (this is Bash syntax; other shells might have slightly different alias mechanisms):
alias p6d='docker run -v $PWD:/perl6 -w /perl6 -it rakudo-star perl6'
I put this line into my
~/.bashrc files, so new bash instances have a
command, short for "Perl 6 docker".
As a short test to see if it works, you can run
$ p6d -e 'say "hi"' hi
If you go the Docker route, just the
p6d alias instead of
perl6 to run
Building from Source
To build Rakudo Star from source, you need make, gcc or clang and perl 5
installed. This example installs into
$ wget http://rakudo.org/downloads/star/rakudo-star-2016.10.tar.gz $ tar xzf rakudo-star-2016.10.tar.gz $ cd rakudo-star-2016.10/ $ perl Configure.pl --prefix=$HOME/opt/rakudo-star --gen-moar $ make install
You should have about 2GB of RAM available for the last step; building a compiler is a resource intensive task.
You need to add paths to two directories to your
PATH environment variable,
one for Rakudo itself, one for programs installed by the module installer:
If you are a Bash user, you can put that line into your
to make it available in new Bash processes.
Testing your Rakudo Star Installation
You should now be able to run Perl 6 programs from the command line, and ask Rakudo for its version:
$ perl6 --version This is Rakudo version 2016.10-2-gb744de3 built on MoarVM version 2016.09-39-g688796b implementing Perl 6.c. $ perl6 -e "say <hi>" hi
If, against all odds, all of these approaches have failed you to produce a usable Rakudo installation, you should describe your problem to the friendly Perl 6 community, which can usually provide some help. http://perl6.org/community/ describes ways to interact with the community.
Next week we'll take a look at the first proper Perl 6 example, so stay tuned for updates!